After Mexico gained its independence from Spain, the country was an economic and political nightmare. Drowning in debt, one-fifth of the country’s males were unemployed, and the mineral mines and fabrication mills that had brought the country long-term wealth were destroyed. Socially, battles between the Creoles and other ethnic groups meant the country was suffering from racial turmoil and had no immediate chance of progressing. In 1824, Mexicos citizens took steps in the right direction by drafting Mexicos first constitution.
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Based on previous rule, Mexican people distrusted monarchies. To celebrate its independence, Mexico desired to have an elected congress and leader. Determined to not allow previous mistakes to repeat themselves, before drafting the 1824 Constitution, the Mexican people had just overthrown their first self-appointed leader, a military general from the war. Following in the U.S.s footsteps, Mexicans desired a government that was for the people and elected by the people.
Mexico’s Constitution also documented territorial boundaries. The new Republic of Mexico was divided into 19 states and 4 territories. Having just lost territories in Central America, Mexico was still governing a country larger than its present-day size.
In the constitution, Mexico authorized citizens to participate in the official religion, Catholicism. Freedom of the press and free speech were rights guaranteed to its citizens. Ahead of the United States, Mexico officially abolished slavery in 1829. The constitution also banned the requirement of Indian tributes, a form of indentured servitude. While written in words, impoverished natives were still forced to work for wealthy landowners.
While Mexico’s citizens were allowed to vote, those living in rural areas were not able to cast their ballots due to illiteracy. Another reason for a majority of eligible, non-participants was the language barrier. Meso-American and native languages were of little use when voting ballots were printed in Spanish. As a result, most of the rural populations were under-represented. The Significance of Mexicos Constitution!